Intercooperation (IC) is engaged in development cooperation in Pakistan since 1982. The journey began from Kalam in Northern Pakistan. The organization has been closely working with its main donor, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), implementing / facilitating projects in natural resource management including forests, water and land; integrated livelihoods improvement; local economic development; and climate change. In all the projects IC implements, there is a conscious effort and planned resources to focus on improved governance of resources, contribute to frame conditions and policies, mediate resource based conflicts and improve livelihoods.
Livelihoods Programme Hindukush (LPH Extension Till to Dec 2016)
SDC is active in Pakistan since 1966 mainly in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province (KP), working on reducing the vulnerability of communities. In 2008, in line with its country strategy, SDC decided to start the ‘Livelihoods Programme’ (LP) capitalising on successful elements of several existing and previous SDC projects implemented by Intercooperation (IC). During Phase I (January 2008 – December 2010) the project was working in 6 districts of the province, where the previous projects were active. However in 2011, SDC decided to adopt a regional perspective, through a larger Regional Programme Hindukush (RPH) which included the Livelihoods Project Hindukush (LPH). During this transition phase of fourteen months (January 2011 – April 2012), two districts of the previous LP were phased out, while it was agreed to start working in 3 Federally Administered Tribal Areas known as FATA (Bajaur Agency, Mohmand Agency and FR DI Khan). The objective of including FATA in the project area was to develop a geographical continuity within Pakistan on one side, but also with neighbouring Afghanistan, where a similar project was developed. The third phase of LPH (May 2012-April 2015) was positively reviewed by an external mission in 2014 followed by further extension of the project till 2016 for consolidation and phasing out. Guiding principles for LPH include:
· People / Farmer centred approaches in order to generate real ownership and strengthen sustainability.
· Strengthening social capital to lead local development (+ special focus on FATA, where participatory approaches and community development / decision making are now evolving).
· A combination of Conflict / Context Sensitivity in Programme Management (CSPM) and Do No Harm as a pre-requisite to work in the project area. The long experience of IC in these fields is an asset.
· Gender mainstreaming and social inclusion: Women and youth are essential actors in the process of development. The project monitoring ensures that the project (and partners), adhere to gender responsive budgeting and monitoring.
· Up-scaling of impact of the changes promoted by the project. Each intervention has its own strategy for handing over, institutionalisation and indictors for final conclusion with desired results.
· Knowledge management (documentation, sharing and dissemination) has been an essential ingredient of the project.
Livelihoods Programme Hindukush (LPH)
The SDC funded Livelihoods Programme was implemented in two phases since January 2008 to April 2012 (Phase-1 Jan 2008 to Dec 2010; 2nd Phase of Transition Jan 2011 to April 2012). Based on the successes and learning from the two phases, the SDC approved the Livelihoods Programme Hindukush (LPH) for 3 years (May 2012 to April 2015) and now LPH is extended up to December 2016, to consolidate project activities. The LPH goal is that the “Rural Communities in the Pakistan north-western region has resilient and improved livelihood systems to cope with natural disaster or conflict related vulnerabilities”. The LPH will mainly focus on: creating the conditions in which communities can manage land and water in a more efficient and sustainable manner; to foster income generation through a mix of quick impact projects to build trust and acceptance, and longer-term interventions for livelihoods support, value chain development and sub-sector facilitation in the region; and improving the outreach and the quality of basic service delivery at local level. The LPH is being implemented in partnership with Governments of KP and FATA, whereas the Programme Steering Committees (PSC) review and guide the programme and facilitate the implementation of LPH under overall guidance of Ex- officio Programme Director.
Swiss NGO Programme (SNPO). SDC. 1994-2002 :
The programme provided support to several local / meso level NGOs in Sindh, Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Gilgit Baltistan. The core focus of SNPO was Human and Institutional Development (HID) of local NGOs in the country to prepare them as better qualified civil society organizations. This was done through local NGOs’ on the job training in supporting them in their own domains in which they were active. These included among others, Natural Resource Management (NRM), Non Formal Education (NFE) and Governance. SNPO operated at national level.
Agricultural Light Engineering Programme (ALEP). SDC. 1983-1991 :
ALEP was implemented in collaboration with Small Industries Development Board Mardan, NWFP (now KP). The project promoted the development of numerous workshops engaged in the production of agricultural tools and implements. It promoted application of more adopted and variegated implements for agricultural production ranging from hand tools to animal drawn / tractor implements. The project significantly contributed to improved technology and efficiency in agriculture sector.
Pak-Swiss Potato Development Project (PSPDP). SDC. 1982-2001 :
This project was implemented in partnership with Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC), National Agriculture Research Centre (NARC) and International Potato Centre (CIP), Lima Peru. The project strived for increasing production and income of the resource poor farmers through developing, testing and disseminating improved production technology in potato as a high value crop. It focused on research, technology transfer and training of research staff, extension workers and farmers. The project was implemented at national level wherever potato production potential existed.
Kalam Integrated Development Project (KIDP). SDC. 1982-1998 :
KIDP was the first development intervention of IC in Pakistan. The project was implemented in formal collaboration with the Department of Forests, Fisheries and Wildlife, NWFP and Agriculture Extension Department NWFP (now KP). The main geographical focus of the project was Kalam sub-district of the district Swat in Northern Pakistan. This was an integrated rural development project with a particular emphasis on forestry and agriculture with strong institutional development of communities and Govt. departments to work together. The project massively contributed to improve socio-economic conditions of the population through people’s participation in forestry, agriculture and village development, taking into consideration the ecological, economic, social and institutional sustainability of all means and activities at all levels.